Estimated read time 4 min read
Social Sciences

Challenges to State and Society: Communalism and Secularism

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Communalism and secularism are two ideologies that have a significant impact on the state and society. While communalism emphasizes the interests of a particular religious or ethnic group, secularism promotes …

Estimated read time 3 min read
Social Sciences

Challenges to Civilization, State, and Society: Communalism, Secularism, Nationalism

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Introduction

In the modern world, civilizations, states, and societies face various challenges that can impact their stability and harmony. Three significant challenges that have emerged in recent times are communalism,